George Washington Carver Research Paper

George Washington Carver Research Paper-7
[Courtesy of the George Washington Carver National Monument] Over the next ten years, Carver traveled from one midwestern town to another, working and attending school. By the late 1880s, Carver moved to Winterset, Iowa.Carver was befriended by a white couple, John and Helen Milholland.It depicts George Washington Carver as a boy and is mounted on a large limestone rock.

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Battles and skirmishes were fought throughout the country by Union and Confederate forces. Young George was recovered by a neighbor and returned to the Carvers, but his mother was not.

George and his older brother, Jim, were raised by Moses and Susan Carver.

His mother, Mary, was owned by Moses and Susan Carver.

His father, a slave on a neighboring farm, died before George was born.

George Washington Carver was a world-famous chemist who made important agricultural discoveries and inventions.

His research on peanuts, sweet potatoes, and other products helped poor southern farmers vary their crops and improve their diets.

When George was just a few months old, he and his mother were kidnapped from the Carver farm by a band of men who roamed Missouri during the Civil War The Civil War was a military conflict that began on April 12, 1861, when Southern forces fired on Fort Sumter outside of Charleston, South Carolina. As other Confederate forces heard the news of Lee's surrender, they surrendered as well and the war was soon over.

Several Southern states had seceded from the United States (also known as the Union) and formed the Confederate States of America (also referred to as the Confederacy) out of fear that the United States' newly elected president, Abraham Lincoln, would not allow the expansion of slavery into new western states. Over half a million men were killed or wounded in the war. After the war, the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution were passed prohibiting slavery, providing equal protection for all citizens, and barring federal and state governments from denying citizens the right to vote due to their race, color, or status as a former slave. These outlaws hoped to sell George and his mother elsewhere.

Carver himself often said that he was born “about 1865.” Scholars still debate the date, but generally agree that Carver was most likely born sometime in mid-1865.

Since slavery was officially abolished in Missouri on January 11, 1865, Carver was probably born free. Kremer has noted that “the uncertainty of Carver’s birth date highlights the fact that African-American slaves in Missouri were regarded as property and that no detailed birth or death information was recorded for them.” [SHS 97-0038(1)] While Jim helped Moses Carver with farm work, George, who was frail and sickly, spent much of his time helping Susan Carver with chores around the cabin.


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