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one of the leaders of the Königsberg Jewish community and a member of the Centralverein deutscher Staatsbürger jüdischen Glaubens (Central Organization for German Citizens of the Jewish Faith).Like other members of the Centralverein he primarily saw himself as a German and disapproved of the activities of Zionists, such as the young Kurt Blumenfeld (1884–1963), who was a frequent visitor to their home and would later become one of Hannah's mentors.My early intellectual formation occurred in an atmosphere where nobody paid much attention to moral questions; we were brought up under the assumption: Das Moralische versteht sich von selbst, moral conduct is a matter of course.
Hannah's parents were better educated and politically more to the left than her grandparents, both being members of the Social Democrats, rather than the German Democratic Party that most of their contemporaries supported.
Paul Arendt was educated at the Albertina (University of Königsberg).
She became a writer and editor and worked for the Jewish Cultural Reconstruction, becoming an American citizen in 1950.
With the publication of The Origins of Totalitarianism in 1951, her reputation as a thinker and writer was established and a series of seminal works followed.
She died suddenly of a heart attack in 1975, at the age of 69, leaving her last work, The Life of the Mind, unfinished.
Her works cover a broad range of topics, but she is best known for those dealing with the nature of power and evil, as well as politics, direct democracy, authority, and totalitarianism.She obtained her doctorate in philosophy in 1929 at the University of Heidelberg with Karl Jaspers.Hannah Arendt married Günther Stern in 1929, but soon began to encounter increasing antisemitism in 1930s Nazi Germany.Her father died when she was seven, so she was raised by her mother and grandfather.After completing her secondary education, she studied at the University of Marburg under Martin Heidegger, with whom she had a brief affair, and he had a lasting influence on her thinking.Arendt is widely considered one of the most important political philosophers of the twentieth century.Arendt was born in Hanover, Germany but mostly raised in Königsberg in a secular merchant Jewish culture by parents who were politically progressive, being supporters of the Social Democrats.For years later, Hannah had to have annual WR tests for congenital syphilis.Although Hannah's parents were non-religious, they were happy to allow Max Arendt to take Hannah to the Reform synagogue.These included The Human Condition in 1958, as well as Eichmann in Jerusalem and On Revolution in 1963.She taught at many American universities, while declining tenure-track appointments.