These factors conspired to bring about another obstacle to the establishment of a French North Africa: clinical nostalgia, a diagnosable and dangerous longing for home that put colonists in hospital beds or sent them packing.
These factors conspired to bring about another obstacle to the establishment of a French North Africa: clinical nostalgia, a diagnosable and dangerous longing for home that put colonists in hospital beds or sent them packing.Tags: Writing Techniques For Argumentative EssaysEnvironment Essay QuestionsEssay Self Discipline Leads Sure SuccessMy Favorite Person EssaySomeone To Help Write A BookPicture Writing PaperOrganizing Articles For DissertationAnne Frank Play Essay QuestionsBe A Mother EssayField Trip Essay
With the professionalization of warfare came a new layer of alienation.
Campaigns grew longer, conditions harsher, terms of service more indefinite.
rejoices at the sight of his native parish, [and] cares about family joys like no other man in the world.” To be French, some insisted, was to know the pain of nostalgia as no other.
(1838), by Horace Vernet, depicts a French victory in Algeria." width="auto" data-kind="article-image" id="article-image-62004" data-src="https://assets.atlasobscura.com/article_images/62004/image.jpg"pain today.
Though nostalgia first emerged as a Swiss idea—some doctors blamed it on brain damage from the clanging of Swiss cowbells—it gradually came to be seen as a French phenomenon. Paris had grown into the hub of European medical science by the early 19th century, and a culture of diagnosis flourished.
At the same time, the French military had developed into a more repressive, disciplinarian institution than its European counterparts, with a lottery draft system. The European settlers—who included Italians, Spaniards, and Maltese—at times had a similarly high mortality rate in what had devolved into a pestilential war zone.French settlers who arrived between 18 saw their numbers halved, for example, in part by vicious flare-ups of cholera and dysentery.The atrocities of the French colonial project, in the end, may have been intertwined with how a debilitating medical condition came to be seen as an emotion, so common and relatively harmless today., Homer’s tale of Odysseus’s by-any-means-necessary journey home from the Trojan War, but “the ‘algia’ part of it, the suffering part of it, was not yet something that people could conceive of,” says Thomas Dodman, a historian of France at Columbia University.These soldiers, says Dodman, were “reproducing with their own hands a world that then dominates them.” What doctors were diagnosing as nostalgia may have been closer to a kind of Marxian alienation than what we think of as homesickness today, but the soldiers still yearned for the lives they had left behind.The world was changing, quickly and dramatically—a truth made clear by the massive, rapid cultural shifts of the French Revolution. In his 1991 paper (1832), by Hippolyte Bellangé, depicts a French patient afflicted with a longing for home.For all the suffering, the nostalgic did not even necessarily want to get better.“True nostalgics,” wrote Roth, “derived their only satisfaction from the symptoms of their disease and therefore strove to protect their longing, to concentrate all their energies on it.” One 19th-century medical journal, quoted by Roth, noted that the nostalgic “seeks solitude, during which he can caress his favorite chimera without any obstacle and feed his pain …” Given the severity of the disease, nostalgia was considered a military threat of the highest order.In addition to dealing with disease and conflict, these settlers were almost uniquely ill-equipped for their task.Though they were supposed to be tilling a new frontier—with little regard for the people who had already been living there—the colonists were disproportionately urban artisans with no experience handling plows.