A literature review written in the early stages of research is likely to change because you need to review and revise it from time to time and ensure it is up to date.
You will probably find yourself engaging with the literature in different ways at different stages of your research.
A successful scientific literature review will not only identify the current gap in knowledge, but also position your own research project as a viable way of addressing it.
You thus need to build a solid argument to convince the reader thatyour theoretical and methodological approach is likely to result in a worthwhile contribution to knowledge.
After selecting a topic to investigate, you will begin to locate and read sources.
Then you will analyse, evaluate and synthesise the texts before organising them into a logical structure that you will use to write your literature review.
This is a cyclical, iterative process in that you will return to find and read more sources and incorporate them into your synthesis.
While many of the general considerations outlined in this module are pertinent to all research, there are some particular things to consider when writing a literature review within your discipline.
You will also need to revisit your literature review in the final stages of your research to relate your own findings to what other scholars have previously found in your area.
At this stage you may need to explore fields that were not included in your preliminary review.