As an impact-focused community builder, convener, and communications strategist interested in the intersection of these three topics, this article is the product of my own initial exploration.Below are a few of the steps and resources that I’m exploring myself: Exploring the resources above or a quick google search will lead you to many systems mapping tools — from causal loop diagrams to the iceberg model, stock and flow charts to actor mapping. Next article in the series Systems Thinking for 21st-Century Cities: A Beginner’s Introduction — Part 2 (systems, boundaries, lenses)Are you interested in connecting on this topic? Please feel free to follow and/or connect with me on Linkedin.
It is the theoretical framework in which knowledge about systems is expressed in relation to cost estimating.
The significance of this research will assist quantity surveyors improve cost prediction reliability.
Further, the unit price rate for cost estimation does not provide a reliable and dynamic link between estimates corresponding to the duration and complexity of a new project.
This flaw has a negative influence on project performance such as cost overrun.
a symptom of root causes) and so homeless shelters are created to provide food, shelter, and sanitation for this population of people (i.e. Treating symptoms will certainly alleviate immediate pains and offer short-term solutions, but homelessness will not be resolved by creating homeless shelters.
Homelessness must be solved by addressing the root causes of homelessness — oftentimes poverty, affordable housing, mental illness, and substance abuse.
Rooted in 1940's systems theory, systems thinking offers a different approach than reductionist thinking.
Systems thinking, in one of many definitions, can be explained as “a perspective of seeing and understanding systems as wholes rather than as collections of parts — a web of interconnections that creates emerging patterns over time.”In Daniel Kim explains that systems thinking is and can be a number of things — a growing field, a mindset, a perspective, a language, and a set of tools.
“People who try to predict the future by extrapolating in a line of more of what exists [today]…are always wrong.”Undoubtedly, the future of our global cities will be emergent in ways we may or may not predict — from social uprisings like new populism, new technologies like blockchain, or climate events like Hurricane Sandy. Chaos is paired with order, and we have opportunity — with the right leadership, knowledge, and tools — to reimagine a new, 21st-century “order” for our cities and our world to thrive.
Assuming “order” are the things — principles, frameworks, behaviors, etc.