The first time a work is mentioned in a note, the entry should include: the author's full name, the title of the work, the specific reference (i.e.volume, if any, and page number), and facts of publication (i.e.The first full citation should be followed by a sentence where you explain how you will short title it (e.g. The pages of your paper should be numbered, including the bibliography pages.
Turabian’s , written specifically for students, covers every aspect of research paper writing, from thinking up a topic to submitting the paper in official Chicago format.
A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations is a style guide for writing and formatting research papers, theses, and dissertations and is published by the University of Chicago Press.
If you cite your sources in your thesis or dissertation (or class paper) using numbered notes, you will usually have the option of using footnotes.
Unlike endnotes, which appear at the end of the paper (or sometimes at the end of each chapter), footnotes appear at the foot—the bottom—of the page.
The style and formatting of academic works, described within the manual, is commonly referred to as "Turabian style" or "Chicago style" (being based on that of The Chicago Manual of Style).
The ninth edition of the manual, published in 2018, corresponds with the seventeenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style.
Unless your department specifies, choose footnotes rather than endnotes.
In most cases footnotes are easier to read than endnotes.
This is especially true for discursive notes that include commentary on the text.
(If your notes are very long or complex, however, endnotes may be the better choice.) Here’s how to format footnotes for a Chicago-style paper following the guidelines in Kate L.