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Throughout Golden's careful reading s of the many novels and paintings that reference the post and postal products emphasize the parallels between how Vicotirans experienced technological and communications innovations and how twenty-first-century consumers have experienced a wide variety of technological innovations." --English Literature in Transition, vol.
The Victorians came up with the idea that all children should go to school, and they checked to make sure the schools were up to scratch too. There were very few schools available for girls, however, until near the end of the Victorian time. They also went to Sunday Schools which were run by churches.
Queen Victoria's reign brought many improvements to the education of children, especially for the poor children. Important Dates When did attending school become mandatory? Once a boy turned ten, he went away to Public schools like Eton or Harrow. Poor children went to free charity schools or 'Dame' schools (so called because they were run by women) for young children.
However, not all these school were free so many could not afford the 'school's pence' each week.
As it was not mandatory to attend school many children still didn't go to school.
School logbook (Stretton Handley Primary) Who went to school during the Victorian times?
Victorian Writing Paper
, the government awarded grants of money to schools.Indeed, the revolution in letter writing of the nineteenth century led to blackmail, frauds, unsolicited mass mailings, and junk mail--problems that remain with us today. Golden is professor of English at Skidmore College."An excellent text, a core addition to community and college library history collections." --The Midwest Book Review" Catherine Golden offers more than a history of nineteenth-century postal reform." "Golden provides a wealth of information about the material culture of the post and about the communications revolution that postal reform initiated.Allowing anyone, from any social class, to send a letter anywhere in the country for only a penny had multiple and profound cultural impacts.Golden demonstrates how cheap postage--which was quickly adopted in other countries--led to a postal "network" that can be viewed as a forerunner of computer-mediated communications.The pupil-teachers were boys and girls of 13 and over. For maths lessons, children used frames with coloured wooden beads, much like an abacus. Children often went home for a meal, then returned for afternoon classes from 2p.m. © Copyright - please read All the materials on these pages are free for homework and classroom use only.After five years of apprenticeship they could themselves become teachers. Typical lessons at school included the three Rs - Reading, WRiting and Dictation, and ARithmetic. Children learned how to multiply and divide using this apparatus. The day usually began with prayers and religious instruction. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the author Mandy Barrow.It goes beyond the standard historical or literary work in that it provides insights into the daily lives and values of Victorians of all classes.As such it makes a significant contribution to Victorian cultural studies.Anyone interested in the complex relationship between material and cultural change will find this book illuminating."--Martha Vicinus, University of Michigan "Just as the Penny Post revolutionized communications, Catherine Golden’s meticulous and imaginative analysis of its cultural effects transforms our reading experience of Victorian fiction.From the blackmail plot to the writing desk, the paraphernalia of the Victorian novel takes on new meaning and contemporary parallels."--Elaine Showalter, Princeton University"Provides an engaging and comprehensive account of the context and spirit of Victorian postal reform and the resulting rise in affective correspondence that continues to this day."--Eileen Cleere, Southwestern University"Combines historical perspective, social context, and literary criticism.