Yet education has also consistently been seen as a means of equalization. Many studies (e.g., Coleman’s Equality of Educational Opportunity, 1966) have been done to answer this question.
Yet education has also consistently been seen as a means of equalization. Many studies (e.g., Coleman’s Equality of Educational Opportunity, 1966) have been done to answer this question.Its results are clear: ‘education tends to express and reaffirm existing inequalities for more than it acts to change them’ (cited in Giddens, 1997).On the other hand, education is a powerful instrument which shapes the future destiny of society.
Education has become a vast and complex institution throughout the world.
It prepares citizens for various roles demanded by other social institutions, such as the family, government and the economy.
Education is a process of learning in which some people consciously and favourably teach while others adopt the social role of learner.
In small pre-literate societies, such as hunting and gathering bands, informal education was widespread.
Yet until about a century and a half ago, and even more recently, the children of the wealthy (kings, aristocrats, zamindars, etc.) were frequently educated by private tutors.
Most of the population continued to have no schooling whatsoever until the first few decades of the 19th century when systems of primary schools began to be started in Europe and elsewhere.They view education as an instrument of elite domination.They believe that educational system is used by the elite to maintain their social position.Both functionalists and conflict theorists view education differently.Functionalists stress the importance of education in transmitting culture, maintaining social control, promoting social and political integration and bringing about or stimulating social change and modernization. This approach dominated the analysis of education in the early post-war decades. Critics from the New Right movement have focused on the charge that schools and colleges fail to prepare people for jobs.In simple terms, education is the skill of reading, writing and calculating.Education at primary level is the learning of the ‘three Rs’, i.e., reading, writing, and arithmetic, at secondary level of character building, at higher secondary level is understanding society, and at college/university level is skill training for the jobs. They do attempt to control and regulate students’ behaviour, reflecting the dominant social values of society.They teach children elite values and norms so that everyone believes that the position of elites and inequality both are justified.Elite children usually receive higher credentials and move into elite jobs, whereas those from the lower classes do lower jobs, thus preserving class-related inequalities.Feminist’s sociologists have begun to investigate the role of school in reinforcing gender stereotypes among children.Gender differences have recently attracted the attention of sociologists.